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Latin and Greek Roots, Group 7, 8, 9

Page history last edited by Christine Bauer-Ramazani 6 years, 9 months ago

you get an annual subscription to a web-based program that includes at-home screening testshe activities are based on the text: Mahnke, M. K, & Duffy, C. (1996). The Heinemann ELT TOEFL Preparation Course. Oxford, UK: Heinemann.

 

Directions:

  1. Click EDIT PAGE (top).
  2. From your handout, copy the area of meaning and example words. 
  3. From the RESOURCES below, find 5 additional example words. 
  4. Give a definition for two of the additional example words you found using the meaning given for the root or prefix. Highlight the root word in the definition.
  5. For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlighting it.
  6. Choose one word from your examples, and from the concordance in the resources below, copy a sentence with your word. 
  7. For that one word, write your own simple sentence, using the root meaning of the word. Highlight it
  8. Copy (CTRL+C) the information from the resources and paste (CTRL+V) it into the table in the Wiki.

 

RESOURCES:

 

  1. Dictionary of Latin & Greek Words in Modern English Vocabulary (Put the prefix or root in the search area to find many words and definitions for it.).

  2. To find definitions and additional words/expressions, see Online Dictionaries.
  3. Concordance:  Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). Click ENTER. Register yourself (free) and remember your username/password. Type the word(s) into the search string. Click KWIC (keyword in context) and then Search. On the right side you will see the word with the frequency of occurrence in the corpus. Click the word and select a sample sentence with the meaning you chose. Click MORE to get the entire sentence. Copy/paste it into the column. Then write a simple sentence of your own with the same word, modeled on the sentence from the concordance.

 

GROUP 7

 

Student 

Latin root

Area of meaning

Example Words

5 Additional Example Words

For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlight it.

For one of the words, copy a sentence from the concordance with your word. For one word, write your own simple sentence, showing the root meaning.

 Comments      

Evaluation
 

photo-

light  photograph, photosynthesis 

photobiography (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

photocopy (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 photoallergic (Adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 photobacteria (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 photobiology (N) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A person’s life shown in a series of photographs.

 

 

 

 

 

 Reproduce a copy of something printed, written, or drawn that is produced almost instantly by a photographic process in a machine designed for this purpose.

 

Caused by or relating to an allergic sensitivity to light.

 

Bacteria that derive energy from light by the process of photosynthesis.

 

1. The study of the effects of light on living things.
2. That part of biology designed to destroy tissues with a concentrated light beam; such as, a laser. 

Model or not, this photobiography is an interesting page-turner to delight a new generation of budding naturalists. 

Photocopy and distribute to students the " program notes " and " tips for listening " (pages 4 and 10).

A photobiography may be the easiest book to read because it does not have many words.

 

 

 They were asked to photocopy two chapters from a literature book.

 

Good sentences! Excellent illustration of the root meaning in new words

 
 

plic,- plex-

fold 

complex, implication, perplex 

triple

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 duplicate (N)

 

 

 

 

 pliant (Adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

implicate (V)

 

 

 

 

 complicity (N)

 

1. Threefold; consisting of three; treble.
2. Three times as many or as much.

 

 

 

 

 

to double; make twofold.

 

 

 

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archaic . to fold or twist together; intertwine; interlace.

 

the state of being an accomplice; partnership or involvement in wrongdoing: complicity in a crime. 

“Even mild hearing loss can triple the risk of falling,” said Dr. Lin, citing his own research as well as a study of Finnish twins.

New York TimesApr 5, 2012 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Her presence on songs is, at best, unobtrusive, pliant, less adaptable than compatible, like a chameleon who stays one more or less pleasing color.

SlateNov 9, 2011

My sister has tripled her efforts to improve in geography.

 

 

 

 

 

 

He said his secondary diploma does not have its duplicate.

"Triple" has the prefix "tri" (three) in it, too. Good illustration and excellent sentence! 

 
 

pon-, pos-

put,

place 

opponent

postpone

disposal 

appose (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 compose (V) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  contraposition (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 deposit (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 interpose (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

juxtapose(V)

 

 

1. To place side by side or in close proximity; to juxtapose.

2. To be placed near something, or to place or to move something next to something else

1. To make up the constituent parts of; to constitute or to form.

2. To make or to create by putting together parts or elements; including components or parts that make up something.

1. Placing over against or in an opposite position.
2. An opposition, a contrast, or antithesis

1. To put or to drop something somewhere

2. To leave something somewhere for safekeeping

1. To interrupt either verbally or by placing something or oneself between other people or objects

1. To place side by side, especially for comparison, information, or contrast:

2. To place two or more things together; especially, in order to suggest a link between them or to emphasize the contrast between them

"She placed the two boxes so that they were apposing each other on the shelf."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 "They had an exhibit composed of modernistic paintings."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 "The musical composer wrote a part for the bassoon to be in contraposition to the part for the flute."

 

"We deposited our valuables in the hotel safe before we went out for the evening."

 

 

 "The teacher interposed himself between the two boys who were fighting."

 

 

"The book was juxtaposed with the dictionary."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 My uncle’s poem is composed of eight stanzas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My mother has deposited some money to the bank.

 

Good sentences! 

5 / 5 points 
 

pop-

people 

populace

population

popular 

 overpopulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 depopulate

 

 

 

 

 

aura popularis

depopulating

depopulator 

 Has too many people(Please highlight the root meaning.)

 

 

 

 

 

To greatly reduce the number of people living in a particular área.

 The concept that the Earth is overpopulated is a myth, unsupported by much of the current population data.

 Vermont has become overpopulated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The government is trying to depopulate the zones of risks.

good! 

 
 

port-

carry 

portable, portage,

deport

 

 

 

 

 

 

deportee

 

 

 

asportation (???)

comport

comportment

 To make a person from a foreign country return to the country they came from.

 

 

Someone who has been deported or is going to be deported.

 American authorities deport migrants to the nearest Mexican border city. Everyone who is illegal in the country will have to be deported.  

good examples and sentences! 

 
 

psych-

mind 

psyche, psychic 

 

Spsychology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 autopsychotherapy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

apsychognosia

 

 

 

 

 

 

metapsychological

allopsychic

allopsychosis

The science dealing with mental processes, both normal and abnormal, and their effects upon behavior.

Self-analysis; the exploration of one's own thoughts and feelings as a way to gain insight into the origins and significance of one's behavior or symptoms.

 

Not being aware of one’s own personality or mental condition.

He has elsewhere predicted that they will do for psychology what DNA did for biology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There have been many advances in spsychology today.  

good examples and sentences.; some uncommon words!

5 / 5 points 
 

put-

determine 

compute,

computer

deputation.

 

 

 

 

 deputy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 disputable.

 

 

 

 reputable

 A group of representatives or delegates.

 

 

An assistant with power to act when his/her superior is absent.

 

Capable of being disproved.

 

Having a good reputation; honorable.

Many of them no doubt belonged to the deputation which came. 

Where is your own sentence?? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The issue of global peace is disputable. 

 

 

Good words and illustrations 

 
 

 

pulvs-

 

 

urge 

push

drive

 

compulsory,

expulsion,

repulse 

Professor i did not find words that have the root meaning. 

expulsion (n)

 

 

 

 

impulsive (adj)

 

 

The act of forcing or pushing someone or something out

 

acting based on an urge or drive, without thinking first

If a Girl Scout ate all the cookies she'd already sold, she might face expulsion from her Girl Scout troop.  

You misspelled the root, Khalid. It's "puls-", not "pulv-", but I was able to find both right away. 

 

 

 

GROUP 8

 

Student 

Latin root

Area of meaning

Example Words

5 Additional Example Words

For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlighting it.

   For one word, copy a sentence from the concordance with your word. Then write your own sentence with the same word,
modeled on that sentence. 
     

For one word, write your own simple sentence, showing the root meaning. Comments Evaluation
 

ras-

scrape 

erase,

abrasive,

rasp,

razor 

Abrasion. 

 

 

 

 

 Abrasive.

 

 

 

 Abrasively. 

something that has been scraped or rubbed off.

 

 A substance used for rubbing or polishing. 

The abrasion causes the slugs to overproduce the mucous membrane, watch leads to their dehydration and eventual death. 

The abrasion of the iron caused it to by the rust.

 

Good sentence; good examples and definitions!  4 / 5 points 
 

rid-

laugh 

ridiculous,

deride,

derisive 

1- derider

2- deridingly

3- rerisible

4-ridicule 

5- derision

- when you ridicule someone, you mock or make fun of them. They become the object of your ridicule or mockery.

 

- Did you just say that you could toss a rubber chicken over an ocean? Don’t be ridiculous, because ridiculous words are hard to believe, and they will make others laugh at you, not always in a good way either.

Your bad behavior might bring ridicule on your parents, who raised you to know better.

My  brother likes to ridicule on me.  Good examples, definitions, illustration of meaning and sentence!   
 

scribe-, script-

write 

descrive,

description 

1-scribble

2-subscription 

3- ascriptitious

4- antescript

5- circumscript

 

write down quickly without much attention to detail.

 

- agreement expressed by (or as if expressed by) signing your name.

- you get an annual subscription to a web-based program that includes at-home screening tests.

- I have a subscription in for Skype.  Nouf, please use one color to highlight.  good work; one uncommon word 
 

sens-, sent-

feel 

 

1- absent

2-absentee

3- present

4- essential

5- sentiment

4-basic and fundamental

 

5-Sentiment means a view or opinion, but it can also mean an emotion. Maybe you prefer tragic movies because you enjoy the sentiment of sadness. 

-To prevent fires, it's essential to turn off appliances before leaving the house. (=important)

 

- Your opinion that most comedies are terrible and that you'd rather watch any other kind of movie could be described as your sentiment, or your attitude, about films.

- It is essential to be in class on time, so you do not miss important information.  Good sentence to illustrate the meaning of "essential." Please use the same, one color for highlighting.  5 / 5 points 
 

spir-

breath 

respiration

conspire

inspire 

1.aspiration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2.spirit

 

3.suspire

 

4.transpire

 

5.dispirit

 

 1. A strong desire, longing, or aim; an ambition

 

 

 

 2.the vital principle or animating force within living things

 

1.Concordance Sentence:

At the intersection of visionary and engineer you'll find the personal aspiration that is, often, what drives change like this.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572 

2.Concordance Sentence:

The spirit of it invites the audience to fall in love with the show's theatrical world and go on this crazy journey.

http://www.vocabulary.com/definition/spirit

 

 

 

She suspired exhaustedly because of her heavy housework.

 

She has aspirations to be a great teacher.

 

She felt excellent spirits when she arrived home.

Excellent sentences to illustrate the meaning!   
 

sta-

stand, withstand, make up 

status

stationary

stagnant 

1.circumstance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2.constant

 

3.distance

 

4.ecstatic

5.instant 

1. A condition or fact attending an event and having some bearing on it; a determining or modifying factor

 

2. uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

1.Concordance Sentence:

We can not have a circumstance in which a meltdown in financial sector once again puts the entire economy in peril.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572

  

2. Concordance Sentence:

 That number provides a constant update of how many miles remain before the battery power is exhausted and the engine kicks in.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572  

I like instant coffee. 

 

Under some circumstances, she lies to others since she don't doesn't want to hurt others.

 

In one's entire life, difficulty seems constant.

excellent work!   
 

struct-

build 

structure

instruct 

1.construct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2.destructible

 

3.infrastructure

 

4.nondestructive

 

5.obstruct

1. To build or to assemble something large or complicated

 

 

2.Breakable and injuring beyond repair or renewal; to demolish; ruin; annihilate.

1.Concordance Sentence:

Over the years, he has tried several times to construct high-rise buildings on the square, but he said " economics and timing " have thwarted the efforts.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572 

2.Concordance Sentence:

Although life is " delicate and destructible, " Carson wrote, it is also " tough and resilient, and capable of striking back in unexpected ways. "

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572 

Many people obstructed her view of her car. 

 

 

To contruct sentences with new words is a good way to learn a language.

1. Though glass is destructible, it is widely used in handcrafts.

Excellent examples and sentences!!!  5 / 5 points 
 

tact-, tang-  

touch 

???? 

1. tactful

 

 

 

 

2. tangent

 

3. taction ???

 

4. contactual

 

5. contact

Careful not to say or do anything that will upset or embarrass other people.

 

In geometry, a straight line forming an angle or a straight line that intersects the circle or sphere in one and only one point:

 

 " I learned, too, that I could deal with confrontations in a tactful, reasonable manner. "

 

 

The coordinates are defined so that, at the critical point, the tangent plane is the xy plane and the y-axis is tangent to the connodal.

There was no tactful way of telling him the truth. 

 

A tangent doesn't cross the straight line, but it touches at any point.

Good sentences! Please add the example words from the handout.  
 

 tain- 

 hold

????? 

1. Contain

 

2. Attain

 

3. Containment

 

4. Attainment.

 

5. Abstain

 

To have something inside.

To succeed in researching a particular level or in getting something after trying for a long time.

All forms of tea contain more antioxidants than found in fruits and vegetables.

 

 

 They make use of mass communication tools in accessing information, they attain a critical way of reception towards these and that they are selective in this manner

The box contained photographs and old letters.

 

India attained independence in 1947. 

Example words from the handout? 

Beautiful sentences!!!

 

 

 

GROUP 9

 

Student 

Latin root

Area of meaning

Example Words

5 Additional Example Words

For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlighting it.

  For one word, copy a sentence from the concordance with your word. Then write your own sentence with the same word,
modeled on that sentence. 
       

For one word, write your own simple sentence, showing the root meaning.

 

Comments

Evaluation
 

ten-

have,

hold 

tuenure,

tenacious

intent 

1. Tension

 

 

 

 

distensible

 

 

3. Attention

 

4. Tender

 

5. Tennis

Mental or nervous strain, often accompanied by muscular tautness.

Anything which can be stretched and expanded.

The act of keeping one’s mind closely on something or the ability to do this; mental concentration; mental readiness for such concentration.

 

They're watching us with tension in their faces.

 

 It may be that a cancerous ductal system is less distensible.

 

 This is an area of research that warrants further attention, particularly by metabolic engineers.

She might be in tension, so she is not happy today. 

 

Some rubbers are more distensible than plastics.

 

I always pay attention while Professor is teaching in the class.

excellent examples; please watch spelling!  5 / 5 points 
 

terr-

land 

terrain

territory

terrace 

1. inter 

 

2. terrific

 

3. deter

 

4. terrible

5. terrorism

1. to bury a dead person 

 2. very large in size or degree 

 

 

 

 

1. Karl would later go on to college and lead - as a Lutheran - two different campus groups: Inter-varsity and the Baptist Student Union 

2. This guy is just terrific

1. He Inter his heart.

 

2. Ahmed is a terrific student.

Inter- is a prefix. You needed to show the meaning of terr- (land) as a root. 

"Terrific" means "great", right?

 
 

the- (or theo-)

god 

theology

atheism

monotheism 

1. atheist 

 

2. atheophobia 

 

3. autotheism 

 

4. misotheism 

 

5. polytheist

1. the belief that God does not exist.

 

 

 

 

 

5. the belief that there is more than one god.

1. She wasn't an atheist, not even an agnostic, but she had never fully accepted the ship's religion, monotheistic like the ancient religion of its origins even though it was replete with all manner of gods

 

 

1.  Ahmed is not an atheist and he believes there is a one God.

 

5. She was a polytheist

Good examples and sentences!

Please use the same color for highlighting. 

 
 

therm-

heat 

hopothermia

thermostat 

1. diathermy

 

2. hyperthermia

 

3. photothermy

 

4. radiothermy

 

5.  thermal

 

 

 

 3. the use of strong light to treat acne or hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn

5. a rising current of warm air used by birds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 5. So the heat it produces is thermal heat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. the heart is the resource of thermal. The pumping of the heart keeps our body's thermal temperature.

Good examples and definitions. Your sentence is close, but please remember that "thermal" is an adjective because of the -al suffix.  4.3 / 5 points
 

tract-

pull

drag

 

tractor

traction

intractable

attract    (v.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

contractor  (n.)

 

 

detract        (v.)

extract        (v.)

retract        (v.)

 To cause to draw near or to adhere to by physical force: "The magnetic poles are attracted to their opposites."

 

 Someone who agrees to furnish materials or to perform services at a specified price; especially, for construction work.

life is still " to be determined" ,which attract those who do n't want to be "friended" by someone.

 

USA Today 2009

How did Jamie Oliver attract people with cooking?.    good!  
 

urb-

city

urban

suburb

urbane

 

urbana       (n.)

 

 

 

 

 

suburbia     (n.)

 

 

 

urbanism    (n.)

urbanised (adj)

urbanisation (n.) 

a university town in east central Illinois adjoining Champaign



a residential district located on the outskirts of a city

 

 

for a long time , " said Bill  Lansinger  ,  an urbana rooter from Ijamsville. "It would be alittle bit of Frederick county against Montgomery county".

 

Washington Post 2001

 

 

 

Mark begins began working in urbana in since April, 2012.

"Urbana" is not commonly used, in contrast to "urban". Please watch tenses and prepositions.   
 

vene-, vent-

come 

convention

advent

convene

 

 events         (n.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

invent (v.)

 

 

prevenient  (adj)

eventuate    (v.)

advene       (v.) 

Things that happen, will happen, or have happened; especially, those things which are considered important or unusual. 

 

To create something new by being the first to think of, make, or use something.

 " Even these small events can kill people, but they are a thousand times less likely to do so than are quakes, floods and the other things that kill people all the time. "says Clark Chapman.

 

Newsweek 1999 

 

Tony Williams writes reviews about the dramatic events of America's beginnings that shaped a nation's character. good sentences and examples, for the most part!  4. 7 / 5 points 
 

 vict-, vinc-

 

 

conquer 

conviction 

more words, please!

??????? 

A belief or an opinion that is held firmly.
 

Mr. Tillman served nearly 24 years in prison before his rape and murder conviction was vacated in 2010. 

The prisoner's conviction was changed and he was released from prison.  Good , but please find additional words and use highlighting to show the root meaning!   
 

 vid-

 

see 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
 

viv-
vit-

 

 

 

 

life,live 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

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