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Latin and Greek Roots, Group 7, 8, 9

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on April 11, 2012 at 12:04:29 pm
 

you get an annual subscription to a web-based program that includes at-home screening testshe activities are based on the text: Mahnke, M. K, & Duffy, C. (1996). The Heinemann ELT TOEFL Preparation Course. Oxford, UK: Heinemann.

 

Directions:

  1. Click EDIT PAGE (top).
  2. From your handout, copy the area of meaning and example words. 
  3. From the RESOURCES below, find 5 additional example words. 
  4. Give a definition for two of the additional example words you found using the meaning given for the root or prefix. Highlight the root word in the definition.
  5. For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlighting it.
  6. Choose one word from your examples, and from the concordance in the resources below, copy a sentence with your word. 
  7. For that one word, write your own simple sentence, using the root meaning of the word. Highlight it
  8. Copy (CTRL+C) the information from the resources and paste (CTRL+V) it into the table in the Wiki.

 

RESOURCES:

 

  1. Dictionary of Latin & Greek Words in Modern English Vocabulary (Put the prefix or root in the search area to find many words and definitions for it.).

  2. To find definitions and additional words/expressions, see Online Dictionaries.
  3. Concordance:  Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). Click ENTER. Register yourself (free) and remember your username/password. Type the word(s) into the search string. Click KWIC (keyword in context) and then Search. On the right side you will see the word with the frequency of occurrence in the corpus. Click the word and select a sample sentence with the meaning you chose. Click MORE to get the entire sentence. Copy/paste it into the column. Then write a simple sentence of your own with the same word, modeled on the sentence from the concordance.

 

GROUP 7

 

Student 

Latin root

Area of meaning

Example Words

5 Additional Example Words

For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlight it.

For one of the words, copy a sentence from the concordance with your word. For one word, write your own simple sentence, showing the root meaning.

 Comments      

Evaluation
Gaudence

photo-

light  photograph, photosynthesis 

photobiography (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

photocopy (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

photoallergic (Adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

photobacteria (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

photobiology (N) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A person’s life shown in a series of photographs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reproduce a copy of something printed, written, or drawn that is produced almost instantly by a photographic process in a machine designed for this purpose.

 

 

Caused by or relating to an allergic sensitivity to light.

 

 

Bacteria that derive energy from light by the process of photosynthesis.

 

 

1. The study of the effects of light on living things.
2. That part of biology designed to destroy tissues with a concentrated light beam; such as, a laser.

 

Model or not, this photobiography is an interesting page-turner to delight a new generation of budding naturalists. 

 

 

Photocopy and distribute to students the " program notes " and " tips for listening " (pages 4 and 10).

A photobiography may be the easiest book to read because it does not have many words.

 

 

 

 

They were asked to photocopy two chapters from a literature book.

 

 

 
 

plic,- plex-

fold 

complex, implication, perplex 

triple

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

duplicate (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

pliant (Adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

implicate (V)

 

 

 

 

 

complicity (N)

 

1. Threefold; consisting of three; treble.
2. Three times as many or as much.

 

 

 

 

 

 

to double; make twofold.

 

 

 

 

 

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archaic . to fold or twist together; intertwine; interlace.

 

 

the state of being an accomplice; partnership or involvement in wrongdoing: complicity in a crime.

 

“Even mild hearing loss can triple the risk of falling,” said Dr. Lin, citing his own research as well as a study of Finnish twins.

New York TimesApr 5, 2012 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Her presence on songs is, at best, unobtrusive, pliant, less adaptable than compatible, like a chameleon who stays one more or less pleasing color.

SlateNov 9, 2011

My sister has tripled her efforts to improve in geography.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

He said his secondary diploma does not have its duplicate.

 

 
 

pon-, pos-

put,

place 

opponent

postpone

disposal 

appose (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

compose (V) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 contraposition (N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deposit (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

interpose (V)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

juxtapose(V)

 

 

1. To place side by side or in close proximity; to juxtapose.

2. To be placed near something, or to place or to move something next to something else

 

 

1. To make up the constituent parts of; to constitute or to form.

2. To make or to create by putting together parts or elements; including components or parts that make up something.

 

 

 1. Placing over against or in an opposite position.
2. An opposition, a contrast, or antithesis

 

 

1. To put or to drop something somewhere

2. To leave something somewhere for safekeeping

 

 

1. To interrupt either verbally or by placing something or oneself between other people or objects

 

 

1. To place side by side, especially for comparison, information, or contrast:

2. To place two or more things together; especially, in order to suggest a link between them or to emphasize the contrast between them

"She placed the two boxes so that they were apposing each other on the shelf."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 "They had an exhibit composed of modernistic paintings."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"The musical composer wrote a part for the bassoon to be in contraposition to the part for the flute."

 

 

 

"We deposited our valuables in the hotel safe before we went out for the evening."

 

 

 

 

"The teacher interposed himself between the two boys who were fighting."

 

 

 

 

 "The book was juxtaposed with the dictionary."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My uncle’s poem is composed of eight stanzas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My mother has deposited some money to the bank.

 

 

 
Sadraque

pop-

people 

populace

population

popular 

 overpopulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

depopulate

 

 

 

 

 

aura popularis

depopulating

depopulator

 

 

 Has too many people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To greatly reduce the number of people living in a particular área.

 The concept that the Earth is overpopulated is a myth, unsupported by much of the current population data.

 Vermont has become overpopulated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The government is trying to depopulate the zones of risks.

 

 
 

port-

carry 

portable, portage,

deport

 

 

 

 

 

 

deportee

 

 

 

 

 

asportation

 

comport

comportment

 To make a person from a foreign country return to the country they came from.

 

 

Someone who has been deported or is going to be deported.

 American authorities deport migrants to the nearest Mexican border city. Everyone who is ilegal in the country will have to be deported.  

 

 
 

psych-

mind 

psyche, psychic 

 

Spsychology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

autopsychotherapy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

apsychognosia

 

 

 

 

 

 

metapsychological

allopsychic

allopsychosis

The science dealing with mental processes, both normal and abnormal, and their effects upon behavior.

 

 

 Self-analysis; the exploration of one's own thoughts and feelings as a way to gain insight into the origins and significance of one's behavior or symptoms.

 

 

 

Not being aware of one’s own personality or mental condition.

He has elsewhere predicted that they will do for psychology what DNA did for biology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There have been many advances in spsychology today.  

 

 
Khalid

put-

determine 

compute,

computer

deputation.

 

 

 

 

 

deputy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disputable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

reputable

 A group of representatives or delegates.

 

 

An assistant with power to act when his/her superior is absent.

 

Capable of being disproved.

 

 

 

Having a good reputation; honorable.

Many of them no doubt belonged to the deputation which came.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The issue of global peace is disputable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

pulv-

 

 

urge 

push

drive

 

compulsory,

expulsion,

repulse 

Professor i did not find words that have the root meaning. 

 

   

 

 

 

 

GROUP 8

 

Student 

Latin root

Area of meaning

Example Words

5 Additional Example Words

For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlighting it.

   For one word, copy a sentence from the concordance with your word. Then write your own sentence with the same word,
modeled on that sentence. 
     

For one word, write your own simple sentence, showing the root meaning. Comments Evaluation
Khalid

ras-

scrape 

erase,

abrasive,

rasp,

razor 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
Nouf

rid-

laugh 

ridiculous,

deride,

derisive 

1- derider

2- deridingly

3- rerisible

4-ridicule 

5- derision

- when you ridicule someone, you mock or make fun of them. They become the object of your ridicule or mockery.

 

- Did you just say that you could toss a rubber chicken over an ocean? Don’t be ridiculous, because ridiculous words are hard to believe, and they will make others laugh at you, not always in a good way either.

Your bad behavior might bring ridicule on your parents, who raised you to know better.

My  brother like to ridicule on me.     
 

scribe-, script-

write 

descrive,

description 

1-scribble

2-subscription 

3- ascriptitious

4- antescript

5- circumscript

 

write down quickly without much attention to detail.

 

- agreement expressed by (or as if expressed by) signing your name.

- you get an annual subscription to a web-based program that includes at-home screening tests.

- I have subscription in Skype.     
 

sens-, sent-

feel 

 

1- absent

2-absentee

3- present

4- essential

5- sentiment

4-basic and fundamental

 

5-Sentiment means a view or opinion, but it can also mean an emotion. Maybe you prefer tragic movies because you enjoy the sentiment of sadness. 

-To prevent fires, it's essential to turn off appliances before leaving the house. (=important)

 

- Your opinion that most comedies are terrible and that you'd rather watch any other kind of movie could be described as your sentiment, or your attitude, about films.

- It is essential to be in class on time, so you do not miss important information.     
Carolyn

spir-

breath 

respiration

conspire

inspire 

1.aspiration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.spirit

 

3.suspire

 

4.transpire

 

5.dispirit

 

 1. A strong desire, longing, or aim; an ambition

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.the vital principle or animating force within living things

 

1.Concordance Sentence:

At the intersection of visionary and engineer you'll find the personal aspiration that is, often, what drives change like this.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572

  

Own Sentence:

She has aspirations to be a great teacher.

 

2.Concordance Sentence:

The spirit of it invites the audience to fall in love with the show's theatrical world and go on this crazy journey.

http://www.vocabulary.com/definition/spirit

  

Own Sentence:

She felt excellent spirits when she arrived home.

 

She suspired exhaustedly because of her heavy housework.

   
 

sta-

stand, withstand, make up 

status

stationary

stagnant 

1.circumstance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.constant

 

3.distance

 

4.ecstatic

 

5.instant

 

1. A condition or fact attending an event and having some bearing on it; a determining or modifying factor

 

 

2. uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

1.Concordance Sentence:

We can not have a circumstance in which a meltdown in financial sector once again puts the entire economy in peril.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572

  

Own Sentence:

Under some circumstances, she lies to others since she don't want hurt others.

 

2. Concordance Sentence:

 That number provides a constant update of how many miles remain before the battery power is exhausted and the engine kicks in.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572

  

Own Sentence:

In one's entire life, difficulty seems constant.  

I like instant coffee.     
 

struct-

build 

structure

instruct 

1.construct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.destructible

 

3.infrastructure

 

4.nondestructive

 

5.obstruct

1. To build or to assemble something large or complicated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.Breakable and injuring beyond repair or renewal; to demolish; ruin; annihilate.

1.Concordance Sentence:

Over the years, he has tried several times to construct high-rise buildings on the square, but he said " economics and timing " have thwarted the efforts.

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572

 

Own Sentence:

To contruct sentences with new words is a good way to learn a language.

 

2.Concordance Sentence:

Although life is " delicate and destructible, " Carson wrote, it is also " tough and resilient, and capable of striking back in unexpected ways. "

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/x.asp?w=1017&h=572

 

Own Sentence:

1. Though glass is destructible, it is widely used in handcrafts.

Many people obstructed her view of her car.     
Gopal

tact-, tang-  

touch 

 

1. tactful

 

 

 

 

2. tangent

 

3. taction

 

4. contactual

 

5. contact

Careful not to say or do anything that will upset or embarrass other people.

 

In geometry, a straight line forming an angle or a straight line that intersects the circle or sphere in one and only one point:

 

 " I learned, too, that I could deal with confrontations in a tactful, reasonable manner. "

 

 

The coordinates are defined so that, at the critical point, the tangent plane is the xy plane and the y-axis is tangent to the connodal.

There was no tactful way of telling him the truth. 

 

A tangent doesn't cross the straight line, but it touches at any point.

   
 

 

tain- 

 hold

 

1. Contain

 

2. Attain

 

3. Containment

 

4. Attainment.

 

5. Abstain

 

To have something inside.

To succeed in researching a particular level or in getting something after trying for a long time.

All forms of tea contain more antioxidants than found in fruits and vegetables.

 

 

 They make use of mass communication tools in accessing information, they attain a critical way of reception towards these and that they are selective in this manner

The box contained photographs and old letters.

 

India attained independence in 1947. 

   

 

 

GROUP 9

 

Student 

Latin root

Area of meaning

Example Words

5 Additional Example Words

For 2 words, give the definition using the root meaning and highlighting it.

  For one word, copy a sentence from the concordance with your word. Then write your own sentence with the same word,
modeled on that sentence. 
       

For one word, write your own simple sentence, showing the root meaning.

 

Comments

Evaluation
Gopal

ten-

have,

hold 

tunure,

tenacious

intent 

1. Tension

 

 

 

 

distensible

 

 

3. Attention

 

4. Tender

 

5. Tennis

Mental or nervous strain, often accompanied by muscular tautness.

 

Anything which can be stretched and expanded.

The act of keeping one’s mind closely on something or the ability to do this; mental concentration; mental readiness for such concentration.

 

They're watching us with tension in their faces.

 

 It may be that a cancerous ductal system is less distensible.

 

 This is an area of research that warrants further attention, particularly by metabolic engineers.

She might be in tension, so she is not happy today. 

 

Some rubbers are more distensible than plastics.

 

I always pay attention while Professor is teaching in the class.

   
Amani

terr-

land 

terrain

territory

terrace 

1. inter 

 

2. terrific

 

3. deter

 

4. terrible

 

5. terrorism

1. to bury a dead person 

 

2. very large in size or degree 

 

 

 

 

 

     
 

the-

god 

theology

atheism

monotheism 

1. antithesis 

 

2. diathesis

 

3. hypothesis

 

4. synthesis

 

5. thematic

1. the complete opposite of something 

 

3. an idea that is suggested as an explanation for something, but that has not yet been proved to be true

 

     
 

therm-

heat 

hopothermia

thermostat 

1. diathermy

 

2. hyperthermia

 

3. photothermy

 

4. radiothermy

 

5.  thermal

 

 

 

 

3. the use of strong light to treat acne or hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn

 

 

5. a rising current of warm air used by birds
 

 

     
Faeza

tract-

pull

drag

 

tractor

traction

intractable

attract    (v.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contractor  (n.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

detract        (v.)

extract        (v.)

retract        (v.)

 To cause to draw near or to adhere to by physical force: "The magnetic poles are attracted to their opposites."

 

 Someone who agrees to furnish materials or to perform services at a specified price; especially, for construction work.

life is still " to be determined" ,which attract those who do n't want to be "friended" by someone.

 

USA Today 2009

How did Jamie Oliver attract people with cooking?.      
 

urb-

city

urban

suburb

urbane

 

urbana       (n.)

 

 

 

 

 

suburbia     (n.)

 

 

 

urbanism    (n.)

urbanised (adj)

urbanisation (n.) 

a university town in east central Illinois adjoining Champaign



a residential district located on the outskirts of a city

 

 

for a long time , " said Bill  Lansinger  ,  an urbana rooter from Ijamsville. "It would be alittle bit of Frederick county against Montgomery county".

 

Washington Post 2001

 

 

 

Mark begins working in urbana since April, 2012.

   
 

vene-, vent-

come 

convention

advent

convene

 

 events         (n.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

invent           (v.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

prevenient  (adj)

eventuate    (v.)

advene       (v.)

 

 

Things that happen, will happen, or have happened; especially, those things which are considered important or unusual. 

 

 

 

 

To create something new by being the first to think of, make, or use something.

 " Even these small events can kill people, but they are a thousand times less likely to do so than are quakes, floods and the other things that kill people all the time. "says Clark Chapman.

 

Newsweek 1999 

 

Tony Williams writes reviews about the dramatic events of America's beginnings that shaped a nation's character.    
Gavin

 

vict-, vinc-

 

 

conquer 

 

 

 

 

     
 

 

vid-

 

see 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
 

 

viv-
vit-

 

 

 

 

 

 life,live 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

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